Our Approach

ECAS’s “theory of change” is anchored on a coherent set of ideas that describe what the change should be, how a change process occurs, what makes it happen, what has to happen for the intended outcome, who needs to be involved, whose interests are at stake, and what the results of a change process should be.


In this context, ECAS’s theory of change aims for a development actor and client that has the capacity to design and implement development programs that produce positive environmental change in the lives of the people, following an effective uptake and ownership of capacity development services (technical advisory, knowledge, investments) delivered by ECAS, in partnership with other stakeholders. The theory builds on lessons for going beyond the development of capacity products to focus on the full value chain of services, knowledge products, and policies, with sharper attention to national, regional, and continental implementation.


In line with its vision of “a healthy environment, prosperous economies, and vibrant communities founded on research and capacity building,” ECAS has identified four mutually supportive strategic pillars. For each pillar, the theory of change identifies a strategic result, each underpinned with three associated intermediate results. In view of the widespread consultations that led to their identification, it is assumed that the pillars represent objectives that are fundamentally shared, owned, and ultimately driven by our stakeholders, partners, clients, funders and that achieving results will be essentially based on home-grown reform efforts supported by ECAS and multiple development partners on the continent.